HOW BIG DATA IS CHANGING THE WORLD

We evolved from the agrarian society of ancient times to an industrial society. Where the entire society including the economy was run depending on agriculture, we have gradually seen the social system run depending on the industry. In this mechanized society, we see the previous direct use of natural resources being processed by machines. But it can be said that the last nail has been hammered in the coffin of industrial society. Because, the new social system has already started, where data is everything.

The power of information made up of 1s and 0s is now so vast that it has, and still does, change the entire world system. We are no longer in the Age of Enigma, nor are our data as sparse and fragmented as they once were. Every piece of information is becoming more specific and refined. Quantitative aspects are also surpassing all the records one after another. We as humans are no longer just flesh and blood, but each one of us is a bundle of data. The situation has gotten to the point where the average US citizen is a bundle of 75,000 data points, which one company can sell to another company at will. [1] These data points are analyzed from such a large amount of data, which are salable. That is, the volume of this data has become so huge even after doing a considerable amount of research. This huge amount of data is collectively called Big Data.

Silicon chips and the cloud have taken the place of piles of paper and huge files full of data. Just 22 years ago only 25% of all data was stored in digital storage, now 90% of that data is stored. Ninety percent of the amount of information that is being created in the world every day is stored in digital storage. [2] In 2021, a total of 79 zettabytes of information were created in digital media, where 1 zettabyte is equal to 7.9^10 terabytes. Access to this vast amount of data can determine whether a political campaign succeeds or whether a company grows or declines. The influence of technology companies today also speaks for itself.

The whole game of this huge amount of data is light and dark. From this personalized data, you can get a good idea not only about the individual but also about the attitudes of a population. Not only will this information give you a detailed idea, but it will also present you with an overall picture. At the same time, this information will be used for security purposes, as well as to destroy security. Analyzing the thoughts of a person can take a step for him, and so can the overall picture of the whole country presented, thereby making it easy to know about a country.

Let’s find out how this huge amount of data can change the future of our world.

LANGUAGE

No country in the world is now as unbroken as an island. The culture of each country now influences the culture of other countries. Social media, business, tourism—we are now exposed to each country’s own culture. We now watch movies in other languages ​​as well as in our own language. Just one English subtitle makes an entire movie international. It is now possible to watch movies in almost all languages ​​of the world without knowing the specific language. It is now possible to communicate in all languages ​​around the world. It is possible to learn all the information from books in any language without knowing that specific language.

Data from more than 200 million people around the world have been analyzed to produce the easy-to-use translation programs we use today.[3] Although there are still many errors, the rate at which data is growing will make it possible to have nearly 100% accurate translators in the near future. . The more data, the better the translation. For example, there has been a significant increase in the number of Bengali writings online, as a result of which Google’s translator program can now show better quality translations than before.

However, it is not only translations that will improve due to big data. Rather, the robotic, unnatural voices of our virtual assistants today will also improve. From so much data, it is possible to make the robotic voice of our virtual assistants exactly like a human voice by analyzing the frequency, depth, and period of the human speaking voice, i.e. the overall voice analysis. Moreover, those voices will not be the same. This voice style can also vary depending on the person and their context.

As a result, the efficiency of various artificial intelligence assistant programs will increase significantly. Also, the language barrier will no longer exist. As this overall improvement will reduce the dominance of any one language, so will the need for international languages. Everyone can communicate through their own language. Shifting our focus away from the language or medium of communication will increase the positive impact on the original work.

FOOD

According to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), we are unlikely to achieve our goal of ending world hunger before 2030.[4] The global undernourishment rate has risen sharply in 2020 from 8.4% in 2019. stands at 9.9%. That means 800 million people worldwide were at risk of starvation in 2020, most of them in Asia and Africa.[5] Time is not on our side. The current increasingly polluted environment, political instability, and rapidly growing population will easily hinder the achievement of FAO’s 2030 targets. These are now the biggest challenges facing sufficient food production.

To solve this problem we need to make a connection between big data and agriculture. With proper farming system we can make proper use of every square inch of land by taking into consideration weather, climate, overall condition of air, water, nitrogen etc. By analyzing the weather forecast, soil condition, location through GPS, etc., the agricultural lands can be easily determined by the algorithm that will produce the best yield of any crop on which land.

Moreover, today’s agriculture is no longer sitting in ancient times. It is becoming possible from planting the crop to harvesting at home through machines. Now with those devices it is possible to monitor through software with sensors and the entire work can be done virtually through information instead of being done by the farmer. When machines have all the information about the land, they can make better decisions and perform better. For example, this huge amount of information will be very helpful in deciding which crop will do well in which soil, or when, how much fertilizer needs to be applied, etc.

Already, the world’s largest agricultural companies have started investing large sums of money in research from farm analysis to big data. An example is an algorithm called FieldScripts.[6] This algorithm takes as input all the information about a particular field and processes it to tell how the whole field should be managed, what crops are currently growing well, what risk factors are present, and Finally, advice is given according to the problem.

The next century will see agricultural companies transform themselves into technology companies. With cloud technology, small companies can share all the benefits without having to go to huge infrastructure costs. In addition, the analysis of these data will make agriculture more efficient, as well as have a relatively less adverse impact on the environment.

FINANCE

Today most of the day-to-day operations of stock trading are done in a black-box manner. In this method, certain computer algorithms and information about shares, such as share price, amount, and time – all this information can be easily known about a business or company. In today’s business world, product supply chain, inventory management, etc. are being done through computers. But data can do this more quickly and efficiently. It is possible to analyze how the product will perform in that region without having to prepare the product from all the data in a particular region. Product usage can be simulated. Not only for products but also in terms of payment or money management, big data is giving good results. Companies can easily understand when and which products need to be shown in front of them by seeing the daily spending pattern of the person, advertising is precise. For all this, the use of ‘Fintech’ i.e. finance and technology can be said to be worthwhile.

Global investment in fintech was $930 million in 2008, increasing to $210 billion in 2021. [7] Banks are modernizing and fintech is real potential with this huge investment.

In the future, it will be possible to create specific personalized profiles from a person’s banking data, thereby influencing their spending habits. Currently, when applying for a loan or investment for a job, the banks can easily get the financial transaction history and other information of the applicant. Through this, it will be possible to determine what kind of loan and how to give the best results. Besides, nowadays cashless payment or online payment has opened a new horizon.

WAR

Proper planning and selection of troops are the lifeblood of war. And therein lies the success of Big Data. In battle planning, it is possible to get exact location information, perfect maps of each region along with the weather of the battle area. An even greater contribution to planning is taking into account accurate information about the enemy. There is no technology better than Big Data in this regard.

Just as it is possible to get an overall idea, it is also possible to create individual profiles of enemy soldiers. As a result of which it is possible to know what are the weaknesses of a soldier of a unit. It will be very easy to know in advance which soldier will participate in a war. Besides, skillful analysis from the right data can yield the best results using positional weapons. As a result, it is possible to defeat the enemy very quickly with less waste of time and resources.

This advantage of the information can be used not only against the enemy but also against our own soldiers. For example, it is possible to know in advance which soldier will perform best in which battle. After collecting and analyzing all the information from the war zone, by using that information in VR technology, it is possible to create an artificial battlefield by creating a war environment, where the soldiers can get the necessary training.

One company that can offer the above benefits is Palantir. The company’s list of military uses includes the FBI, NSA, and the US military.[8] Although the company has many other data-driven tools, the majority of its revenue comes from the defense section alone. The company claims that using their tool, it is possible to analyze disaggregated data to create a complete war action plan. And in the case of real-world wars in Iraq, and Afghanistan, the United States was able to use this technology to create three-dimensional maps of war zones with possible damage, and attack targets. [9] Besides, using this technology, it is possible to create necessary action plans against various crimes, including drug smuggling, and cyber fraud. has been

MEDICINE

One of the biggest weaknesses of the conventional health system is to provide the same medicine to all patients of a particular disease. The intra-individual variation of the disease is not taken into account. This raises questions about the effectiveness of the drug. The solution to this problem is to provide individualized treatment and medication. Big data plays the biggest role in this. By storing detailed information about the human genome and mapping that information, it is possible to extract all kinds of detailed information about someone’s body. In addition, it is possible to create a database of all diseases, thereby preventing future diseases with 100% success. The market for this genomics, or genome as data, is currently valued at over US$2,000 billion and is growing continuously. [10] Genome data could revolutionize the entire healthcare system.

Companies such as Personal Genome Diagnostics (PGDx) are now offering specialized cancer diagnosis services. By sending them a small sample of your body’s tumor, they can easily provide a lot of information about your cancer through their huge data and genome analysis of the sample you send. It is also able to provide accurate information about why your cancer is growing, how it is formed, and how to treat it. Current most common cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, are very generalized treatments; This also destroys healthy cells, and has serious side effects on health. Instead, personalized treatment will only destroy your diseased cells, and provide treatment without side effects.

All this will be possible only with the grace of Big Data. The more data there is, the more accurate treatment will be possible. The growing importance of such technologies is evident, with companies working on them receiving millions of dollars in funding.

The above fields are a very small part of the many possibilities. Big data is showing success in many areas beyond, and this success will only increase in the future. Data will become the most effective weapon to solve any problem. There is no substitute for Big Data to ensure all kinds of essential benefits including good health, war projects, good environment. Since everyone’s information is being stored, from small children to old people, it is possible to provide very specific solutions. All the time we are generating vast amounts of data, and contributing to big data, making the possibility of solving this problem even stronger. But at the same time, it is also very scary. We unknowingly provide sensitive information that can be used against us. We are constantly being targeted, and my privacy is becoming more fragile.

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